The mrs_imatch step that “matches” image intensities of several input 2D MIRI MRS images by fitting polynomials to cube intensities (cubes built from input 2D images) in such a way as to minimize inter-image mismatch in the least squares sense. These “background matching” polynomials are defined in terms of world coordinates (e.g., RA, DEC, lambda).


Because polynomials are defined in terms of world coordinates, and because the algorithm needs to build 3D cubes for each input image, input images need to have valid WCS.


This step builds a system of linear equations

a \cdot c = b

whose solution c is a set of coefficients of (multivariate) polynomials that represent the “background” in each input image (these are polynomials that are “corrections” to intensities of input images) such that the following sum is minimized:

L = \sum^N_{n,m=1,n \neq m} \sum_k \frac{\left[I_n(k) - I_m(k) - P_n(k) + P_m(k)\right]^2}{\sigma^2_n(k) + \sigma^2_m(k)}.

In the above equation, index k=(k_1,k_2,...) labels a position in input image’s pixel grid [NOTE: all input images share a common pixel grid].

“Background” polynomials P_n(k) are defined through the corresponding coefficients as:

P_n(k_1,k_2,...) = \sum_{d_1=0,d_2=0,...}^{D_1,D_2,...} c_{d_1,d_2,...}^n \cdot k_1^{d_1} \cdot k_2^{d_2}  \cdot \ldots .

Step Arguments

The mrs_imatch step has two optional argument:

  • bkg_degree: An integer background polynomial degree (Default: 1)
  • subtract: A boolean value indicating whether the computed matching “backgrounds” should be subtracted from image data (Default: False).

Reference Files

This step does not require any reference files.

Also See

See wiimatch package documentation for more details.