The extract_1d step extracts a 1-d signal from a 2-d or 3-d dataset and writes a spectrum to a product. This works on fixed-slit data (NIRSpec data through any one or more of the fixed slits, MIRI LRS data through the slit or in the slitless region, and NIRISS slitless data) as well as IFU data and NIRSpec MOS (micro-shutter array) data.
For GRISM data (NIS_WFSS or NRC_GRISM), no reference file is used. The extraction region is taken to be the full size of the input subarray, and the dispersion direction is assumed to be the longer axis.
For IFU data, the extraction options differ depending on whether the target is a point source or an extended source. For a point source, the spectrum will be extracted using circular aperture photometry, optionally including background subtraction using a circular annulus. For an extended source, rectangular aperture photometry will be used, with no background subtraction. The photometry makes use of astropy photutils. The region of overlap between an aperture and a pixel can be calculated by one of three different methods: “exact”, limited only by finite precision arithmetic; “center”, i.e. the full value in a pixel will be included if its center is within the aperture; or “subsample”, which means pixels will be subsampled N x N, and the “center” option will be used for each sub-pixel.
Level 2-b countrate data, or level-3 data. The format should be a CubeModel, an IFUCubeModel, an ImageModel, a DrizProductModel, a MultiSlitModel, a MultiProductModel, or a ModelContainer. The SCI extensions should have keyword SLTNAME to specify which slit was extracted, though if there is only one slit (e.g. full-frame data), the slit name can be taken from the JSON reference file instead.
The output will be in MultiSpecModel format; for each input slit there will be an output table extension with the name EXTRACT1D. This extension will have columns WAVELENGTH, FLUX, ERROR, DQ, NET, NERROR, BACKGROUND, and BERROR. WAVELENGTH is the value calculated using the WCS. NET is the count rate minus background, in counts/pixel of spectral width, summed along the direction perpendicular to the dispersion. Currently only a simple summation is done, with no weighting. A more sophisticated algorithm will be introduced in future builds. BACKGROUND is the measured background, scaled to the extraction width used for the NET. BACKGROUND will be zero if the reference file did not specify that background should be determined. FLUX will be computed from NET if there is a RELSENS table for the input slit; otherwise, FLUX will be zero. ERROR, DQ, NERROR, and BERROR are not populated with useful values yet.